A cerebral hemorrhage is a type of stroke. It is caused by an artery in the brain and causes rupture hemorrhage located in the surrounding tissues. This bleeding kills brain cells.
Bleeding means literally “burst the blood.” Brain hemorrhages are also called cerebral hemorrhage, intracranial hemorrhage or intracerebral hemorrhage. They represent about 13% of strokes.
What Happens To A Brain Hemorrhage?
When the blood of trauma irritates brain tissue, it causes swelling. This is known as cerebral edema. The pool of blood collects into a mass called a hecatomb. These conditions increase the pressure on nearby brain tissue and reduced blood flow and importantly kills brain cells.
The bleeding may occur in the brain between the brain and the membranes that cover it. Or between the skull and the lining of the brain.
What Are The Causes Of Bleeding In The Brain?
There are several risk factors and causes of cerebral hemorrhage. The most common are:
- A head injury. The most common cause of bleeding in the brain for people less than 50 years.
- Hypertension. This chronic disease over time, weaken the blood vessel walls. Untreated hypertension is a major preventable cause of cerebral hemorrhages.
- Aneurysm. This weakening of the blood vessel wall that swells. It removes blood to the brain.
- Vascular anomalies. Weaknesses in blood vessels around the brain and may be present at birth and are diagnosed only if symptoms develop.
- Cerebrovascular amyloidosis. This is an anomaly in the walls of blood vessels that sometimes occurs with age. It can cause many small bleedings.
- Blood or bleeding disorders. Hemophilia and sickle cell anemia can both contribute to lower levels of platelets.
- Liver disease. This condition is associated with increased bleeding in general.
- Brain Tumor.
Bleeding in the brain can be detected by imaging tests such as CT and MRI. Together, these imaging tests, lumbar puncture or spinal tap, blood tests and neurological examinations can be done to make a medical diagnosis. To the extent that the management of the brain, or cerebral hemorrhage under treatment to stop the bleeding and reduce swelling and pressure on the brain.
Surgery may be necessary to stop bleeding and repair the ruptured blood vessels for the treatment of cerebral hemorrhage. Medications such as diuretics, anti convulsion, and analgesics can be used to control symptoms such as swelling, seizures and pain. Recovery from a brain hemorrhage and successful treatment depends on several factors including the severity of bleeding and the degree of inflammation. Some people may recover completely, while others face complications such as a stroke , and loss of brain function.
The best way to prevent complications associated with cerebral hemorrhage is to stop the bleeding itself. This can be done by controlling the risk factors for cerebral hemorrhage. Therefore, people with high blood pressure should monitor the level of blood pressure with appropriate medications and lifestyle changes recommended by their doctors.
To prevent head injuries, it is critical for safe driving and the wearing of a bike helmet. It is also important to avoid smoking and using illegal drugs like cocaine for the prevention of cerebral hemorrhage.
Finally, if you notice signs of cerebral hemorrhage, you must seek urgent medical assistance.